Well, you have made it patently clear that Portugal was not (and is not) Spain.Sertorio wrote: ↑Wed Jan 29, 2020 5:55 pmPortugal never wanted to expel or persecute Jews. The Portuguese king, Manuel I, was forced to do it by Spain as part of the marriage arrangements of Manuel with a Spanish princesse. But the Portuguese king made sure Jews were told to keep cool and stay in Portugal, while making a show of conversion, to satisfy the Spanish king. The idea was that soon enough things would go back to normal and Jews would be left alone. Well, things didn't quite happen like that, as Manuel's successor was an excessively pious Catholic, who really meant to have the Jews becoming good Catholics... It took about 200 years, but most of the fake Catholics - like my family - ended up becoming true Catholics...cassowary wrote: ↑Wed Jan 29, 2020 5:17 pmThere were Muslims and Jews living there. Later, they were given the choice of conversion or departure. Many chose fake conversions. There was an ever present threat of a Moslem reconquest of Iberia. You don't want Spain and Portugal to be another Libya or Morocco, right?
As to Muslims in Portugal, after the Reconquista, most were the descendents of converted Christians during the Moorish occupation, so their forced conversion to Catholicism was simply a return to their origins. There was no expulsion of these Muslims (as it happened in Spain), they were just assimilated, although not always without difficulty.
Might I hazard the following guess as to WHY Portugal seems to have a tradition of being a more laid-back country (then as now) than Spain?
Portugal is a more ethnically homogeneous, inherently unified society than Spain.
To say that in inverse: Spain is a more insecure nation-state entity than Portugal.
In the north of Spain you have restive regional minorities such as Basques and Catalans who want their independence. No equivalent in Portugal.
Further, Portugal has only one terrestrial border and is no threat to its larger neighbor - so easy for the two to reach a stable accommodation. Spain has two of them: the other being with France which is not only more like Spain in size but for centuries was involved in a pan-Europe power struggle with its neighbour which resulted in the end to Spain becoming a subsidiary, client ally of France.
No equivalent happening for Portugal?